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As lecturers specific considerations about the best way during which new GCSEs in England are being graded from 9-1 somewhat than A*-G, we reply some key questions in regards to the modifications.

When do the brand new 1-9 grades are available in?

The brand new grades are being phased in, beginning with a few of this summer season’s exams.

New-style GCSEs in English language, English literature and maths can be taken by the present 12 months 11 college students – these exams can be graded within the new manner, with 9 as the very best mark and one the bottom.

A 4 is broadly being in comparison with a C grade, though the exams watchdog, Ofqual, warns towards “direct comparisons and overly simplistic descriptions”.

For many different topics – together with biology, chemistry, physics, pc science, French, Spanish, spiritual training, geography, music and historical past – the brand new grades can be awarded from the summer season of 2018.

A 3rd wave of 9-1 graded GCSEs – together with psychology, historical historical past, enterprise, data and communications know-how (ICT) and media research – can be taught from September 2017 with exams in 2019.

So some youngsters may have a mixture of GSCEs beneath completely different marking schemes?

Sure, that is proper. The present 12 months 11s will get English and maths outcomes beneath the brand new numerical grading scheme and the remainder of their choices can be graded A*-G.

The present 12 months 10 college students will then sit most of their GCSEs beneath the brand new system, however they could have some beneath the outdated system, for instance if they’re taking historical historical past or ICT, whereas these pupils now in 12 months 9 can be absolutely “moved over” on to the numerical grading system.

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How do the brand new grades evaluate to the outdated ones?

Grades 9, eight and 7 are broadly equal to an A* and A. Grades six, 5 and 4 are in step with B and C grades. A 3 can be broadly much like a D grade, with two and one taking in grades E, F and G.

There may be nonetheless a U (ungraded) mark.

Training Secretary Justine Greening says a grade four will be seen as a “standard pass” and a grade five as a “strong pass”.

She additionally says that for college efficiency tables, the federal government will publish “normal passes” (grade 4 and above) but in addition the “sturdy passes” (at grade 5 and above).

Watchdog Ofqual says that, broadly, the identical proportion of youngsters will get a grade 4 and above as presently get a grade C or above.

It additionally says a components can be used which is able to imply that about 20% of all grades at seven or above can be awarded a grade 9.

Chief regulator Sally Collier says college students who get a 9 may have “carried out exceptionally”.

Will not the primary cohort to sit down the brand new exams be deprived?

It actually appears like this and college students within the subsequent two 12 months teams are guinea pigs for the brand new grading system.

Nonetheless, Ofqual insists these college students is not going to be deprived.

It says that in 2016, in English and in maths, about 70% of 16-year-old college students achieved a grade C or above and so it might count on the same share to attain a 4 and above on this summer season’s exams.

Ofqual additionally says examination boards will use take a look at outcomes from nationwide curriculum assessments (Sats) taken on the finish of main faculty to foretell the doubtless achievement on the new grades of 1, 4 and 7.

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Why are GCSE grades in England being modified?

The brand new GCSE grading scheme is an element and parcel of a brand new curriculum which was launched in England’s colleges in 2014 by the then Training Secretary Michael Gove.

The brand new GCSEs programs embody a lot much less coursework than earlier than, with grades in nearly all topics relying on exams.

Programs are designed to be extra rigorous with exams taken after two years of research, somewhat than in modules with exams alongside the best way.

What is occurring in Wales?

Change is beneath manner in Wales in addition to in England. The Welsh authorities has launched new and revised GCSEs taught from September 2015.

Probably the most vital modifications are in English language, Welsh language and arithmetic. In all of the modified topics, the brand new or revised specs would be the solely ones accessible to state colleges in Wales. They are going to be delivered by the WJEC examination board.

One essential distinction to England is that the established grading construction of A*- G is being maintained.

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What is occurring in Northern Eire?

Whereas pupils in England may have outcomes graded 9-1 and pupils in Wales may have A*-G graded outcomes, pupils in Northern Eire might find yourself with a mixture of A*-G and numerical grades.

Initially, the Northern Eire authorities mentioned all examination boards working within the province must give their results on an A* to G basis. This led English examination boards OCR and AQA to announce they might not supply the brand new GCSEs there.

However in June 2016, this decision was reversed by new Education Minister Peter Weir and pupils will now be allowed to sit down GCSE grades from English examination boards giving outcomes utilizing the 9-1 system.

Roughly three-quarters of GCSEs in Northern Eire are taken by the NI Council for Curriculum, Examinations and Evaluation (CCEA); the remaining quarter by the AQA, OCR, Edexcel or WJEC examination boards.

What about Scotland?

Scotland has its personal system of public examinations: Nationals and Highers.

Nationals replaced the old Standard Grades in 2014 and new Higher exams have been launched in 2015.